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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Kultur-, Sozial- und Bildungswissen­schaftliche Fakultät - Institut für Archäologie

Dr. Cornelia Kleinitz

Bild von Cornelia Kleinitz Email: cornelia.kleinitz[a]archaeologie.hu-berlin.de
Tel.: +49-(0)30-2093-98100

 

Research fields:

 

  • African Archaeology
  • Nubian Studies, Meroitic Studies
  • Rock Art and Graffiti Research
  • Critical Heritage Studies
  • Ethics and politics of/in archaeology
  • Archaeology and development
  • Digital Humanities
  • Archaeoacoustics

 

 

Present research and teaching positions:

 

from 01/2015 Honorary Research Fellow, Rock Art Research Institute (RARI), School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

since 04/2009

(on leave 01/2013-06/2014)

Lecturer, Department of Northeast African Archaeology and Cultural Studies, Institute of Archaeology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany (Field: Archaeology of the Middle Nile valley, the Eastern Sahara and the Horn of Africa)

 

Past research and teaching positions/fellowships:

 

08/2014

Directeur d'études associés at the Fondation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris, France (Project: 'Lives in ruins')

09/2013-08/2015

(01-06/2014 full-time)

Qatar Sudan Archaeological Project (QSAP) at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin:

01-12/2013

 

Research Officer, Rock Art Research Institute (RARI), School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

10/2010-02/2011
 

Excellence Cluster TOPOI, Berlin, Germany (E-CSG-V - Space and Collective Identity) research leave for academic staff fellowship (Project: 'Rock art landscapes in synchronic and diachronic perspectives: a case study on the relation between image, space and collective identity at the Fourth Nile Cataract, Sudan')

10/2007-11/2008

 

Guest junior professorship at the Department for Northeast African Archaeology and Cultural Studies, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany (Field: Archaeology of the Middle Nile valley, the Eastern Sahara and the Horn of Africa)

01-09/2007, 12/2008-03/2009

Post-doc scholar at the Department for Northeast African Archaeology and Cultural Studies, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany (Project: 'Rock art landscapes at the Fourth Nile Cataract, Sudan')

01/2005-12/2006

Post-doc scholar and guest at the Max-Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, Germany (Project: 'Nubian Rock Art Virtual Archive: Developing solutions for the online publication of an archaeological research archive')

03/2003-12/2004

Research Fellow at the Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde, Leiden, Netherlands (Project: ECHO (NECEP - Non-European Components of European Heritage), Case study: Heritage of the Dogon of Mali)

03-08/1999

Research Fellow at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London, United Kingdom (Project: Rock Art Pilot Project - RAPP, English Heritage)

 

Academic education and degrees:

 

current

Habilitation at the Institute of Archaeology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany (Topic: 'Graffiti of ancient Sudan: images, inscriptions and markings from the Great Enclosure at Musawwarat es-Sufra')

1998-2005

Ph.D. research at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London, United Kingdom (Ph.D. thesis: 'Dialogues in Stone: Past and present engagements with rock art in sub-Saharan Mali, West Africa'; Supervisors: Prof. Dr. P. J. Ucko und Dr. K. C. MacDonald), funded by DAAD, AHRB and UCL Graduate School

1994-1995

M.A. Archaeology (African Archaeology, Theory in Archaeology, Ethnoarchaeology, Archaeology of Late Antiquity) at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London, United Kingdom (MA dissertation: 'Signs of ethnic identity in Visigothic Spain'), Winner of the Petrie-Prize for the best M.A. at the Institute of Archaeology

1992-1993

B.A. Year Abroad at the Department of History & the Institute of Archaeology, University College London, United Kingdom (History and Archaeology of Late Antiquity and Early Medieval Europe)

1991-1998 Magister in History and Archaeology (Ancient History, Prehistoric and Early Historic Archaeology) at Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany

 

Research and publication projects:

 

Research project: 'The Archaeology of the Recent Past on Mograt Island - using Participatory GIS in mapping 'living heritage' (since 2014, joint project with Dr. Stefania Merlo, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg)

Within the framework of the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project (QSAP)-sponsored activities of the Mograt Island Archaeological Mission (MIAMi), a pilot project was dedicated to the recent past as well as the present of Mograt island in the far north of Sudan. One segment of the project aimed at writing recent histories of Mograt by starting from recording the present use of the island and adding a diachronic aspect by tracing family histories and their material correlates, especially the development of dwellings, compounds and villages in living memory. Tapping into local knowledge helped gain an idea of the development of settlements and settlement patterns over time, and identify possible locales relevant to the study of the island’s deeper ‘Islamic’ past. The project successfully employed Participatory GIS as the main method of tracking local people’s current use of the island, and it actively involved members of local communities in writing (family) histories of place. A second segment of the project aimed at establishing to what extent work on the ‘living heritage’ of the island could enrich our understanding, as heritage practitioners, of tangible and intangible landscape values that are of interest to the local communities, whilst, at the same time, sharing our knowledge of the deeper past of the island. Accordingly, themes were identified that may be built upon in the future in the effort of learning and constructing a mutual understanding of the present and the past of the island of Mograt.

 

Research project: 'Protecting and presenting Sudan's World Heritage: A study of tourist behaviour and experience at Musawwarat es Sufra' (2014)

In 2011, Musawwarat es Sufra was included in the World Heritage List as part of the serial property 'The Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe'. In 2013, with funding from the Qatar Sudan Archaeological Project (QSAP), a systematic effort at developing and implementing a comprehensive site management plan was begun. One of the pillars of site management planning at Musawwarat is a visitor study that was undertaken at the Great Enclosure in early 2014. Based mainly on GPS-based tracking of visitor movement within this labyrinthine monument and on structured exit interviews, this study provides empirical data on visitor behaviour, experience and expectations at Musawwarat, and the 'Island of Meroe' more generally. The complex Great Enclosure, similar to the Royal City at Meroe, is currently under-presented to visitors travelling without well-trained guides due to the near absence of explanatory panels. This results in an often poor visitor experience as well as in potential damage to some of the monuments through undirected visitor movement.

In order to be able to contextualise site visitation, data was collected on the visitors themselves (e.g. nationality, age, profession), the type of visitor (individual Sudanese, foreign or expats; tour group foreign or expats; Sudanese student groups etc.), the number of visitors per group, the type of trip (day-tour or 2-day-tour from Khartoum, multi-day-tour through Sudan, field trip), the trip itinerary, the presence or absence of a guide, and the information available to the visitors before and during site visitation (e.g. internet sources, guide books, guides). In preparation for the development of a visitor guidance system that aims to protect the site while enhancing the visitor experience, the exercise of tracking visitor movement across the site showed what apparent paths and site components are attractive visual 'draws' for various kinds of visitors. The interview data gave a good idea of which themes and 'stories' concerning Musawwarat and the wider cultural landscape of the ‘Island of Meroe’ World Heritage Site visitors found most interesting and memorable. Apart from information on the ancient monumental remains and their cultural and environmental context, the themes of interest identified also include information on the local nomads who live near the site today, work in archaeological excavations and guard the monuments.

In addition to visitors, guides (including professional guides, archaeologists leading tours, interested 'enthusiasts') as well as owners and employees of tourist companies were interviewed on site and in Khartoum on their evaluation of and approach to Musawwarat as a tourist destination, and on their needs as 'handlers' of visitors to this remote site. Interviews were also undertaken with the guards of the Great Enclosure as well as the Lion Temple, who provided information on their daily experience with visitors at Musawwarat and their wishes and needs for the future development of the site. The various elements of the visitor study, which has gathered data on some of the stake holders using the site (i.e. Sudanese and foreign visitors, guides, ghafirs) will feed directly into site management planning at Musawwarat.

 

Publication project: 'Musawwarat Graffiti Archive' (since 2011, open access project in cooperation with the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, project director)

The Musawwarat Graffiti Archive is an interactive open access online research platform providing access to complex sets of visual and related data on thousands of ancient graffiti. These were incised into the walls of the so-called Great Enclosure, a unique, labyrinthine building complex forming the centre of Musawwarat es Sufra, once a major sacral centre of the Meroitic realm (c. 300BC-AD350) and today one of Sudan’s World Heritage sites. The graffiti, informal inscriptions and drawings, provide a rich source of information on one of Africa’s early states beyond official codified graphic and inscriptional programmes.

The heart of the Musawwarat Graffiti Archive is a work-bench environment allowing the online publication of large image collections together with related extensive and varied data sets via an easily accessible web interface. A database front-end was developed for entering systematic graffiti-focused information as well as data on the exact spatial contexts in which the graffiti were created and used. All data is systematically linked to an extensive image collection - from overview photos and ground plans down to tracings and detail photos at the level of single building blocks and graffiti.

The Musawwarat Graffiti Archive is an online publication of a continually growing network of space-related data sets as well as large collection of images and other media, such as RTI/PTM files and 3D models, which would be impossible to affordably publish in traditional paper format. By bringing a large set of primary archaeological data on Africa’s past online the Musawwarat Graffiti Archive encourages scientific sharing and collaboration regardless of users’ locations or means. Thus, it contributes to promoting, digitally preserving and sharing African cultural heritage.

 

Research project: 'Archaeotopia: the archaeological site as focus, expression and motor of collective identities' (since 2009, TOPOI project, project co-director)

Part of the Cross Sectional Group V (Space and Collective Identities) and more recently of the Research Group C-3 (Fragments, Ruins and Space) of the Berlin excellence cluster TOPOI (The Formation and Transformation of Space and Knowledge in Ancient Civilizations), 'Archaeotopia' focuses on archaeological sites as culturally charged locations in the contemporary cultural landscape. The mere act of designating a site – often accompanied by distinct physical marking and transformation – can lead to the abrupt termination of most previous uses, such as settlement and agricultural activities or the material exploitation of the physical remains of the past. The designation, development and maintenance of archaeological sites involves numerous interest groups, including local residents, landowners, academic experts, their institutions and funding bodies, policymakers at different administrative levels, various kinds of national and international visitors, local staff and economically interested parties. Therefore, archaeological sites are potentially the focus of manifold political, economic and cultural interests, Usually, archaeologists and other academic parties enjoy privileged access to such locales for the sake of research, preservation and dissemination of historical knowledge. But archaeological sites can also be imbued with further, divergent cultural messages by other interest groups, thus becoming arenas of multiple, sometimes competing social practices.

'Archaeotopia' investigates the motivations, scope and regulating factors of interventions in archaeological sites by a multitude of interest groups. The processes of identity formation and affirmation triggered by and expressed in these appropriations are analysed in case studies from north(east)ern Africa, where archaeology as well as the notions of 'archaeological site' and of the intrinsic value of cultural heritage represent ideational imports from the Western world: Carthage (Stefan Altekamp), Thebes (Claudia Näser) and Sudan (Cornelia Kleinitz & Claudia Näser). The Sudan case study investigates political and ethical dimensions of salvage archaeology in a contested development context, i.e. the recent construction of the Merowe Dam at the Fourth Nile Cataract.

 

Research project: 'Musawwarat Graffiti Project' (since 2007, project director)

Thousands of pictorial and inscriptional graffiti adorn the numerous sandstone walls of the Great Enclosure, a singular sacral building complex at Musawwarat es Sufra (Sudan). Many of these incisions stem from the Meroitic period of the Kingdom of Kush (c. 270BC-350AD). They provide a rich but hitherto largely overlooked source on the Meroitic world, which formed an interface between ancient Africa, Egypt, the Greco-Roman Mediterranean and the Near East. Graffiti were also added later, during the post-Meroitic, Christian and Islamic periods, long after the Great Enclosure had lost its original purpose.

The still unresolved function(s) of the Great Enclosure and the extremely diverse nature of the incised graffiti are raising a host of questions as to authorship as well as graffiti making contexts and practices in synchronic and diachronic perspectives. Since 2007 the Musawwarat Graffiti Project has been dedicated to documenting, analysing and publishing the vanishing graffiti corpus. Archival material from previous documentation projects is being made accessible and new field research has been undertaken. The latter aimed at documenting all graffiti in their exact spatial contexts and employed traditional and new recording techniques, such as Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) and 3D-scanning (structured-light, laser). An expandable motif thesaurus as well as a systematic documentation methodology and procedure was developed. A first set of image and space-related data is presented online via the open access Musawwarat Graffiti Archive.

The Musawwarat Graffiti Project currently investigates ‘informal’ image making and usage in the Meroitic world as well as relationships between ‘formal’ and ‘informal’ image corpora. It addresses questions of access to various image-based ‘literacies’ reflected in the graffiti corpus of Musawwarat es Sufra as well as the appropriation of architecturally framed space by graffiti making at the Great Enclosure. Some of the graffiti motifs are strikingly similar to rock art motifs in the open landscape, which raises questions as to the relationship between processes of marking in built and ,natural' components of the ancient landscape. The graffiti also add to our understanding of the role(s) Musawwarat played in the Meroitic world and beyond, as the site has, for example, yielded the southernmost known Latin inscription on the African continent.  Indeed, the Musawwarat graffiti corpus contains ample evidence of the movement and transformation of ideas and knowledge within the ancient world.

 

Publication project: 'Fourth Cataract Rock Art Project' (project director)

Between early 2004 and early 2009, nearly 1000 rock art sites were recorded during archaeological salvage campaigns in the concessions of the Sudan Archaeological Research Society (SARS), the Humboldt University Nubian Expedition (HUNE) and the University of Santa Barbara/Arizona State University (UCSB/ASU) at the Fourth Nile Cataract in Sudan. The Fourth Cataract proved to be a rich rock art landscape that was marked with tens of thousands of petroglyphs dating from the Neolithic until the recent past. Preferred motifs included various zoomorphs such as cattle and camel images, giraffes, birds, dogs, horses and elephants. Anthropomorphs were also encountered as well as depictions of weapons, churches, crosses and other geometric forms, and some inscriptions. The petroglyphs open up a unique window into the cultural practices and symbolic concepts of the past people of the Fourth Cataract in synchronic and diachronic perspectives. As rock art usually remains in the place where it was created - in contrast to portable art - the study of its positioning in the landscape at micro- and macro-geographic scales permits conclusions about possible contexts of rock art making and usage, as well as about pre(historic) perceptions of landscape.

Apart from rock art images, the Fourth Cataract landscape also contained a strong acoustic component in form of so-called rock gongs, resonant slabs and boulders that were used for sound making. These were usually located in close spatial relationship to rock art images, suggesting that rock art making and usage combined visual as well as acoustic elements. The publication of the extensive and varied data sets gathered within the Fourth Cataract Rock Art Project is planned to comprise monographs (Working titles: 'Visual and acoustic components of rock art landscapes above the Fourth Nile Cataract’ for the SARS concession / 'Signs of the times: Processes of symbolic marking in (pre)historic landscapes at the Fourth Nile Cataract' for the HUNE concession) as well as an open access online archive in which the motifs, panels and sites are being presented in their spatial relationship to each other. A prototype for the latter, the ‚Nubian Rock Art Virtual Archive’, has been developed to ensure the survival of Fourth Cataract rock art at least in a virtual sense – as the rock art landscape was submerged unter the waters of the new reservoir lake in 2008. 


 

Archaeological fieldwork:

 

03/2015 Musawwarat Graffiti Project, ninth field season (project director)
02/2015 Graffiti of the Meroe sandstone quarries (specialist; project director: Brigitte Cech, UCL Qatar)
01/2015 Collaborative research on 'community heritage' on Mograt Island, Sudan (lead researcher together with Stefania Merlo, GAES, University of the Witwatersrand)
12/2014-01/2015 Acoustic properties of rock gongs in the ASU concession, Sudan (with Rupert Till, University of Huddersfield; BONE project director: Brenda Baker, ASU)
10/2014

Musawwarat Graffiti Project, eighth field season (project director)

03-04/2014

Musawwarat Graffiti Project, seventh field season (project director);

Musawwarat Site Management Planning Project (co-ordinator):

'Protecting and presenting Sudan's World Heritage: A study of tourist behaviour and experience at Musawwarat es Sufra' (lead researcher)

02/2014

'Islamic' Archaeology on Mograt Island, Sudan - using Participatory GIS in mapping 'living heritage' (lead researcher together with Stefania Merlo, GAES, University of the Witwatersrand)

01/2014

Musawwarat Site Management Planning Project (co-ordinator):

Preparatory study for a site management plan and the development of a visitor guidance system for Musawwarat es Sufra (together with Claudia Bührig, DAI and Claudia Näser, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin)

10/2013

Musawwarat Graffiti Project, sixth field season (project director)
05/2013

Rock Art Research Institute (RARI) preventive conservation project, Giant's Castle, Drakensberg, South Africa (project member; project director: Claire Dean, Dean & Associates Conservation Services)

03/2013

Musawwarat Graffiti Project, fifth field season (project director)

04/2012

Musawwarat Graffiti Project, fourth field season (project director): RTI-recording of early graffiti at the Great Enclosure at Musawwarat es Sufra (Sudan)

11-12/2011

Musawwarat Graffiti Project, third field season (project director): RTI-recording, photogrammetry of early graffiti at the Great Enclosure at Musawwarat es Sufra (Sudan) (in cooperation with the Archaeological Computing Research Group, University of Southampton)

03/2009

University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB)/Arizona State University (ASU) - Fourth Cataract Rock Art Project (project director)

02/2009


 

Musawwarat Graffiti Project, second field season (project director): graffiti recording using 3D white-light scanning (in cooperation with Trigon-Art), 3D laser scanning of the Great Enclosure (in cooperation with Zamani Project, University of Cape Town)

02-03/2008 Musawwarat Graffiti Project, first field season (project director): photographic recording, tracing of graffiti, development of database structure, motif thesaurus and data recording methodology

02-04/2007
 

Humboldt University Nubian Expedition (HUNE) Islands - Fourth Cataract Rock Art Project (project director): The Us and Sur Islands survey

11/2006-02/2007
 

SARS/The British Museum - Fourth Cataract Rock Art Project (project director): The Hadiab rock art survey

12/2005-03/2006 SARS/The British Museum - Fourth Cataract Rock Art Project (project director): The ed-Doma and Dirbi island rock art survey
03-04/2005 Humboldt Univeryity Nubian Expedition (HUNE) Islands - Fourth Cataract Rock Art Project (project director): The Us Island survey
11/2004-02/2005 SARS/The British Museum - Fourth Cataract Rock Art Project (project director): The Dar el Arab and et-Tereif rock art survey
12/2003-02/2004 SARS/The British Museum - Fourth Cataract Rock Art Project (project director): The Ishashi Island rock art survey

09/2001

Ethnoarchaeological study of rock art at Songo, Pays Dogon, central Mali (thesis research)

04-06/2001

Rock art survey and documentation in the Baoulé-Bakoye region, southwest Mali (thesis research)

12/2000-02/2001

Rock art survey and documentation in southern and central Mali (thesis research)

03-04/2000

Rock art survey and documentation in the Baoulé-Bakoye region, southwest Mali (thesis research)

07/1999

Rock art documentation in Wooler, Northumberland, England (Rock Art Pilot Project)

08/1998

Rock art documentation in Paspardo, Valcamonica, Italy (project member)

1992-1998

Project member in excavations in Germany (Bronze age grave field, Eisenhüttenstadt; Slavic and early German settlements and fortifications in Lausitz; Heuneburg castle, Hesse), Czech Republic (Hradshin Castle, Prague), Mali (Neolithic and Iron Age sites in Central Mali)

 

Teaching repertoire:


Department of Northeast African Archaeology and Cultural Studies, HU Berlin
 

  • The Sudan Archaeological Collection at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin: History, Components, Perspectives (seminar, summer term 2015)
  • Science communication and PR: AKNOA online (seminar, summer term 2015)
  • BA-Workshop (seminar, summer term 2015)
  • Methods of archaeological research (seminar, winter term 2014/15)
  • Foundations of AKNOA (Northeast African Archaeology and Cultural Studies) (joint lecture series, winter term 2014/15)
  • Foundations of archaeological interpretation: Rock Art Research (seminar, summer term 2012)
  • The Meroitic period of the Kingdom of Kush, c. 300BC-AD350 (seminar, winter term 2011/12)
  • Archaeology, heritage and society (seminar, summer term 2011)
  • Academic writing (seminar, winter term 2009/2010)
  • From Berlin to Meroe and back: Developing an exhibition on Karl Richard Lepsius' Royal Prussian Expedition in Sudan (seminar, part I: winter term 2009/10, part II: summer term 2010)
  • Foundations of AKNOA (Northeast African Archaeology and Cultural Studies) (joint lecture series, winter term 2009/10)
  • Ethnoarchaeology (lecture series, summer term 2008)
  • Themes, theories and models in African archaeology (seminar, summer term 2008)
  • Domesticated animals: archaeological finds and their interpretation (seminar, summer term 2008)
  • Nubia in the post-Meroitic and Christian periods (lecture series, winter term 2007/08)
  • Theory and method in archaeological interpretation (seminar, winter terms 2007/08, 2009/10)
  • The graffiti of the Great Enclosure of Musawwarat es Sufra: a window to the Meroitic world? (seminar, winter term 2007/08)
  • Rock art of Northeast Africa in its African and global contexts (seminar, summer term 2006)

Institute of Archaeology, University College London

  • Comparative Rock Art (M.A. Course G096, with Prof. Dr. P. J. Ucko, one-unit courses 2000/2001 & 2002-2003)
   

Rock art field schools, Institute of Archaeology, University College London

  • Palaeolithic rock art in the Coa-valley, Portugal (2003)
  • Pictographs and petroglyphs in the Baoulé-Bakoye region, Mali (2000)

 

Academic service:

 

07/2014-present

Collections manager of the Sudan Archaeological Collection at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

05/2014-

present

Curriculum and teaching syllabus supervisor, Department of Northeast African Archaeology and Cultural Studies, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

08/2013-

present

Expert Member of the International Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management (ICAHM)
01/2013-present

Member of the Ethics Committee of the World Archaeological Congress (WAC)

06/2012-present

Member of the 'African Archaeological Conservation Advisory Committee' of the PanAfrican Archaeological Association

04/2012-present

Equal Opportunities Officer (Institute of Archaeology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin: re-elected in February 2015)

06/2009-

12/2012

Business manager of the 'Sudan Archaeological Society Berlin' (SAG)

04/2009-

12/2012

Student advisor (BA, MA and Magister), Department of Egyptology and Northeast African Archaeology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
 

04/2009-

12/2012

Member of the Teaching Commission of the Faculty of Philosophy III, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

04/2009-

12/2012

Curriculum and teaching syllabus supervisor, Department of Northeast African Archaeology and Cultural Studies, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
 

04/2009-

12/2012

Collections manager of the Sudan Archaeological Collection at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (together with Prof. Dr. Claudia Näser)
 

2002-2003

Foundation and Organisation of the "African Peoples and Pasts" seminar series at the Institute of Archaeology, UCL

2001-2003
 
Senior Editor, "Papers from the Institute of Archaeology" (PIA), Volumes 12 (2001) and 13 (2002)

2000-2003

Member of the "Publications Committee" at the Institute of Archaeology, UCL

1999-2000 Production Editor, "Papers from the Institute of Archaeology" (PIA), Volumes 10 (1999) und 11 (2000)

 

Memberships:

 

  • International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS)
  • International Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management (ICAHM)
  • Association of Critical Heritage Studies (ACHS)
  • World Archaeological Congress (WAC)
  • Panafrican Archaeological Association (PanAf)
  • Society of Africanist Archaeologists (SAfA)
  • British Institute in Eastern Africa (BIEA)
  • International Society of Nubian Studies (ISNS)
  • Sudan Archaeological Research Society (SARS)
  • Sudanarchäologische Gesellschaft zu Berlin (SAG)

 

 

Publications (by date):

 

2014

C. Kleinitz & S. Merlo, Towards a collaborative exploration of community heritage in archaeological salvage contexts: Participatory mapping on Mograt Island, Sudan. Der Antike Sudan. Mitteilungen der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin 25, 161-175.

2014

C. Kleinitz & C. Näser, Site management planning at Musawwarat es-Sufra, Sudan: Condition assessments, conservation and rehabilitation measures, and the development of a first visitor guidance system. Der Antike Sudan. Mitteilungen der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin 25, 7-26.

2014

C. Kleinitz, The graffiti of Musawwarat es-Sufra: current research on historic inscriptions, images and markings at the Great Enclosure. Sudan & Nubia 18, 93-103.

2013

 

C. Kleinitz, Between valorisation and devaluation: making and unmaking (world) heritage in Sudan. Archaeologies 9 (3), 427-469.

2013

C. Kleinitz, C. Näser & S. Altekamp (eds.), Global Heritage – Worlds Apart? The Cultural Production, Appropriation and Consumption of Archaeological Heritage Spaces in Northern Africa and the Middle East. Special Issue of Archaeologies 9 (3).

2013

C. Kleinitz, C. Näser & S. Altekamp, Global heritage - worlds apart? Archaeologies 9 (3), 357-361.

2013

C. Kleinitz & C. Näser, Archaeology, development and conflict: a case study from the African continent. Archaeologies 9 (1), 162-191.

2013

C. Kleinitz,  Die Sekundärbilder und -inschriften der Großen Anlage von Musawwarat es Sufra und das Musawwarat Graffiti Project. In: St. Wenig & K. Zibelius-Chen (eds.), Die Kulturen Nubiens – ein afrikanisches Vermächtnis. Dettelbach: J.H. Roell, 399-413.

2013

C. Kleinitz, Bilder der Vergangenheit: Die Felskunst des mittleren Niltals. In: St. Wenig & K. Zibelius-Chen (eds.), Die Kulturen Nubiens – ein afrikanisches Vermächtnis. Dettelbach: J.H. Roell, 341-359.

2012

C. Kleinitz & C. Näser (eds.), 'Nihna nas al-bahar – We are the people of the river'. Ethnographic Research in the Fourth Nile Cataract Region (Sudan). Meroitica 26. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

2012

C. Näser & C. Kleinitz, The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: a case study on the politicisation of archaeology and its consequences from northern Sudan. In: C. Kleinitz & C. Näser (eds.), 'Nihna nas al-bahar – We are the people of the river'. Ethnographic Research in the Fourth Nile Cataract Region (Sudan). Meroitica 26. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 269-304.

2012

C. Kleinitz & C. Näser, Introduction. In: C. Kleinitz & C. Näser (eds.), 'Nihna nas al-bahar – We are the people of the river'. Ethnographic Research in the Fourth Nile Cataract Region (Sudan). Meroitica 26. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1-4.

2012

C. Kleinitz, Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) in der Bestandsdokumentation der Sekundärbilder und -inschriften von Musawwarat es Sufra im Rahmen des Musawwarat Graffiti Project. Der Antike Sudan. Mitteilungen der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin 23, 7-20.

2012

C. Kleinitz, Rock art of the Fourth Nile cataract: an overview. In: H-P. Wotzka (ed.), Proceedings of the Third International Conference on the Archaeology of the Fourth Nile Cataract, University of Cologne 13-14 July 2006. Africa Praehistorica 22. Cologne: Heinrich-Barth-Institut, 31-48.

2011
 

C. Kleinitz & C. Näser, The loss of innocence: political and ethical dimensions of the Merowe Dam Archaeological Salvage Project at the Fourth Nile Cataract (Sudan). Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 13 (2-3), 253-280.

2010
 

C. Kleinitz, H. Rüther & C. Näser, Die 3D-Laserscan-Erfassung der Großen Anlage und weiterer Monumente von Musawwarat es Sufra – ein Beitrag zur virtuellen Erhaltung und Präsentation des sudanesischen Kulturerbes. Der Antike Sudan. Mitteilungen der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin 21, 23-32.

2010
 

C. Näser & C. Kleinitz, The Merowe Dam Archaeological Salvage Project at the Fourth Nile Cataract: salvage archaeology in the context of major development projects in Africa. In: H. Paner, St. Jakobielski & Julie R. Anderson (eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference "The Fourth Cataract Archaeological Salvage Project 1996–2009". Gdańsk, 2-4 July, 2009. Gdańsk Archaeological Museum and Heritage Protection Fund African Reports 7, Gdańsk, 109-116.

2010

C. Näser & C. Kleinitz, The role of archaeology in the context of contested development projects: a case study from the African continent. In: F.T. Schipper & Magnus T. Bernhardsson (eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference on "Archaeology in Conflict", Vienna, 6 to 10 April 2010, Forum Archaeologiae 55 / VI, 2010.

2010

C. Kleinitz, Acoustic elements of (pre)historic rock art landscapes at the Fourth Nile Cataract. In: W. Godlewski & A. Lajtar (eds.), Between the Cataracts. Proceedings of the 11th Conference of Nubian Studies, Warsaw University, 27 August - 2 September 2006. Polish Archaeology in the Mediterranean Supplement Series Volume, 2, Part 2, Fasc. 1 (Session Papers). Warsaw: Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology & Warsaw University Press, 149-160.

2009

C. Kleinitz, T. Bauer & C. Näser, Optische 3D-Messungen zur digitalen Bestandsdokumentation von dekorierten Bauelementen und Sekundärbildern der Großen Anlage von Musawwarat es Sufra: ein Pilotprojekt. Der Antike Sudan. Mitteilungen der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin 20, 33-48.

2009

C. Kleinitz, Meroitic ‚property marks’ in Fourth Nile Cataract rock art? A re-evaluation of an enigmatic class of graphic markings. In: B.J.J. Haring & O.E. Kaper (eds.), Pictograms or Pseudo Script? Non-textual Identity Marks in Practical Use in Ancient Egypt and Elsewhere. Egyptologische Uitgaven XXV. Leiden: NINO, 179-198.

2008
 

C. Kleinitz, Neue Arbeiten zu den Sekundärbildern der Grossen Anlage von Musawwarat es Sufra. Der Antike Sudan. Mitteilungen der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin 19, 27-38.

2008
 
C. Kleinitz, Rock art on Us island: a window into past life-worlds at the Fourth Cataract. In: B. Gratien (ed.), Actes de la 4e Conférence Internationale sur l’Archéologie de la 4e Cataracte du Nil. Villeneuve d’Ascq, 22 et 23 Juin 2007. Lille: Université Charles-de-Gaulle, 85-107.
 

2008

C. Kleinitz, Soundscapes of the Nile valley: ‘Rock music’ in the Fourth Cataract region. In: A.A. Both, Eichmann, R., Hickmann, E. und L. Koch (eds.), Studies in Music Archaeology VI. Challenges and Aims in Music Archaeology. Rahden: Verlag Marie Leidorf, 131-146.

2007

C. Kleinitz, Rock art and archaeology: the Hadiab Survey. Sudan & Nubia 11, 34-42.

2007
 

C. Kleinitz, Magisch-religiöse Zeichen der meroitischen und postmeroitischen Epochen in Nubien. Der Antike Sudan. Mitteilungen der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin 18, 99-113.

2007
 

C. Kleinitz, Felskunst im Fluss: Die Bilderwelt der Insel Us am Vierten Nilkatarakt. Der Antike Sudan. Mitteilungen der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin 18, 51-75.

2007

C. Kleinitz, Rock art landscapes of the Fourth Nile Cataract: characterisations and first comparisons. In: C. Näser and M. Lange (eds.), Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Archaeology of the Fourth Nile Cataract. Berlin, 4-6 August 2005. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 213-234.

2007

C. Kleinitz, For whom the bell tolls: rescue recording of petroglyphs and rock gongs in the Merowe Dam reservoir area of the Fourth Nile Cataract (Sudan). In: J. Deacon (ed.), African Rock Art: The Future of Africa's Past. Nairobi: Trust for African Rock Art, 86-94

2006

Kleinitz, C. und R. Koenitz, Fourth Cataract petroglyphs in context. The Ed-Doma and Dirbi Island rock art survey. Sudan & Nubia 10, 34-42.

2005

C. Kleinitz und C. Olsson, Christian period rock art landscapes in the Fourth Nile Cataract region: the Dar el-Arab and et-Tereif rock art surveys. Sudan & Nubia 9, 31-38.

2005

C. Kleinitz, Rock art: West and Central Africa, in: K. Shillington (ed.), Encyclopedia of African History. New York: Fitzroy Dearborn.

2004

C. Kleinitz, Rock art and 'rock gongs' in the Fourth Nile Cataract region: the Ishashi island rock art survey. Sudan & Nubia 8, 12-17.

2004

C. Kleinitz und B. Dietz, Art rupestre au pays Dogon: L'auvent de Songo. In: R.M.A. Bedaux und J.D. van der Waals (eds.), Regards sur les Dogon du Mali. Leiden (Exhibition Catalogue Musée National du Mali and Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde, Leiden). Gand: Editions Snoeck, 138-145.

2003

C. Kleinitz und B. Dietz, Times of the signs - signs of the times. Rock art and circumcision among the Dogon of Songo, Bandiagara plateau, Mali. Leiden: Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde)

2001

C. Kleinitz, Rock art in sub-Saharan Mali. Antiquity 75, 799-800.

2000

C. Kleinitz, Tracing a West African Past: Rock art recording in sub-Saharan Mali. Papers from the Institute of Archaeology 11, 85-88.

 

Conference papers/lectures:

 

2015 'Tourism at Musawwarat es Sufra: a study of visitor expectation, behaviour and experience' (Tagung der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin e.V. (SAG), Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 04 July)
2015 (with Stefania Merlo and Hassan Mustafa Alkhidir) 'Community heritage on Mograt: a collaborative exploration of the Island's recent past' (Tagung der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin e.V. (SAG), Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 04 July)
2015 (with Stefania Merlo) 'Representing the heritages of Mograt Island: a reflection on identification processes among archaeological and local communities in Sudan' (Conference 'Ancient Identities and Modern Identification. Space, Knowledge and Representation', TOPOI, Berlin, 18-19 June)
2015 (with Stefania Merlo) 'Engaging local and archaeological communities in development contexts: a case study from Sudan' (Conference 'African Heritage Challenges: Development and Sustainability', CRASSH, University of Cambridge, 15-16 May)
2015 (with Rupert Till, Christopher A. Sevara and Brenda J. Baker) 'Sounds of the past: archaeological and musicological perspectives on rock gongs in the ASU BONE concession above the Fourth Nile Cataract' (Meeting of the Sudan Archaeological Research Society: Recent Archaeological Fieldwork in Sudan, The British Museum, London, 11 May)
2015

(with Stefania Merlo) 'Re-thinking archaeological practice in development contexts in Sudan: Exploring community heritage on Mograt Island' ('Cultural Heritage in Sudan: Current Work and Future Possibilities', Meeting at the University of Copenhagen, 10 April)

2014

'Rock gongs at the Fourth Nile Cataract, Sudan: investigating variation in physical features, locations and sound properties' (Lithophones International Conference, University of Warsaw and Gdansk Archaeological Museum, Gdansk, 14 December)

2014

'Rock art and graffiti of ancient Sudan' (Lecture at the Centre for Rock Art Research and Management, University of Western Australia, Perth, 10 December)

2014

'From rags to riches: The (mis)fortunes of ‘The Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe’ World Heritage property in Sudan' (Second Biannual Conference of the Association of Critical Heritage Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, 02-04 December)

2014

'Do we really need to listen? On giving and getting in community-based heritage work in Sudan' (Second Biannual Conference of the Association of Critical Heritage Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, 02-04 December)

2014

'Re-thinking community archaeology: on the benefits of collaborative research in development contexts in Sudan' (Seminar talk at the University of Bergen, Norway, 18 November)

2014

'Rock art and graffiti of ancient Sudan: images, inscriptions and markings in landscape and built contexts along the Nile' (Lecture at the University of Bergen, Norway, 17 November)

2014

'Multi-sensory engagements with stone surfaces on the African continent: evidence from landscape and architectural contexts' ('Cultures of Stone. Interdisciplinary Research in the Materiality of Stone', University College Dublin, 18-20 September)

2014

'Meroitic iconography between the 'formal' and the 'informal': Investigating the graffiti of Musawwarat es Sufra, Sudan' (13th International Conference for Nubian Studies (ISNS), Université de Neuchâtel, 01-06 September)

2014 (with Stefania Merlo): 'Learning from local communities: Participatory GIS in mapping 'living heritage' on Mograt Island, Sudan' (13th International Conference for Nubian Studies (ISNS), Université de Neuchâtel, 01-06 September)
2014

Poster: 'Protecting and presenting Sudan's World Heritage: An evaluation of visitor behaviour and expectations at Musawwarat es-Sufra as a prerequisite for site management planning' (13th International Conference for Nubian Studies (ISNS), Université de Neuchâtel, 01-06 September)

2014

'Computational photography in rock art and graffiti documentation' (14th Congress of the Panafrican Archaeological Association and 22nd Meeting of the Society of Africanist Archaeologists (SAfA), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 14-18 July)

2014

(with Stefania Merlo) 'Meet the locals: learning from local communities in archaeological salvage contexts' ((14th Congress of the Panafrican Archaeological Association and 22nd Meeting of the Society of Africanist Archaeologists (SAfA), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 14-18 July)

2014

Discussant at the Workshop 'Advancing Archaeology and Heritage in Lesotho: Workshopping Lessons from the Metolong Dam Cultural Resource Management Project' (National University of Lesotho, Roma, 10-12 July)

2014

(with Claudia Näser) 'Archäologie, Kulturerbe und Gesellschaft. Archaeological Heritage Management im Sudan' (46. Ständige Ägyptologenkonferenz 'Ägypten liegt in Afrika. Altägypten und seine südlichen und südwestlichen Nachbarn' (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, 20-22 June)

2014

Discussant at the Workshop 'Towards Sustainable Tourism at Meroe' (Qatar Sudan Archaological Project, Khartoum, 15-16 January)

2013

 

'Between Africa and Egypt: Art and archaeology of ancient Sudan' (Public lecture at the South African Archaeological Society, Trans-Vaal Branch, 14 November)

2013

 

'Writing and image making practices in the Meroitic world: contextualising the graffiti of Musawwarat es Sufra, Sudan' (Scribbling Through History: Comparative Studies of Graffiti from Ancient Egypt Onwards, University of Oxford, 23-25 September)

2013 'Between Africa and Egypt: Art and archaeology of ancient Sudan' (Public lecture at the University of Pretoria, 12 September)
2013

'Between Africa and Egypt: Art and archaeology of ancient Sudan' (Public lecture at the Origins Centre, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 14 May)

2013

(with Claudia Näser) 'Development realities: disentangling the ethics of archaeological salvage in Sudan' (7th World Archaeological Congress, Dead Sea, Jordan, 13-18 January)

2013

'Sources of pride or sources of conflict? Deconstructing values in archaeological and other 'development narratives'' (7th World Archaeological Congress, Dead Sea, Jordan, 13-18 January)

2012
'Highlight RTI and the Documentation of Ancient Graffiti at Musawwarat es Sufra (Sudan)' (Workshop: Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) for Cultural Heritage Documentation, TOPOI, Berlin, 22-25 October)
 
2012
'Spaces in development: Making and unmaking Sudan’s heritage'
 
2012

'African Cultural Heritage Online: the Open Access Musawwarat Graffiti Archive' (21st Meeting of the Society of Africanist Archaeologists (SAfA), University of Toronto, 20-24 June)

2012

(with Claudia Näser) 'Conceptions of heritage in contested development projects in Africa: Theory vs. practice' (Inaugural Conference of the Association of Critical Heritage Studies, University of Gothenburg, 5-8 June)

2012

'Kulturerbe analog und digital: Neues zu den Sekundärbildern und -inschriften von Musawwarat es Sufra' (Tagung der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin e.V. (SAG), Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 19 May)

2012

'The Musawwarat Graffiti Project: Shedding New Light on the Ancient Graffiti of the Great Enclosure' (Meeting of the Sudan Archaeological Research Society: Recent Archaeological Fieldwork in Sudan, The British Museum, London, 14 May)

2012

Poster (with Robert Casties): 'The Musawwarat Graffiti Archive: a Workbench Environment for the Publication of Large Image Collections and Related Complex Data Sets' (CAA - Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology 2012 Conference, University of Southampton, 26-29 March)

2012

Poster (with Hembo Pagi): 'Illuminating Africa’s Past: Using Reflectance Transformation Imaging Techniques in Documenting Ancient Graffiti at Musawwarat es Sufra' (CAA - Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology 2012 Conference, University of Southampton, 26-29 March)

2011

Poster (with Robert Casties & Simone Rieger): 'The Musawwarat Graffiti Archive. African cultural heritage and the globalization of knowledge' (Berlin 9 Open Access Conference, Washington DC, 9-10 November)

2011

'Archaeological places and politics of identity in Sudan' (17th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Oslo, 14-18 September)

2011

 

'Sketchy memory: Dynamics in making and unmaking memory spaces in sub-Saharan West Africa' (Conference: Memory Sites and Memory Networks. TOPOI, Berlin, 23-24 May)

2011

'The Great Enclosure at Musawwarat es Sufra (Sudan). Inscriptional and pictorial graffiti from the 3rd century BC to the present time: an online presentation' (Transliteration and Transfiguration of Cultural Traditions: Archaeology, Medical Knowledge, Art, and Science, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, 18-19 March)

2011

'Digital cultural heritage from and for Africa: a Case Study from Sudan' (Digital Transformations: New Developments in Cultural Heritage Imaging, University of Oxford, 25 February)

 

2010

'Whose heritage? Local responses to cultural heritage practices in northern Sudan' (32nd Annual Meeting of the Theoretical Archaeology Group, University of Bristol, 17-19 December)

2010
 

'Heritage politics: Attitudes towards archaeological places in northern Sudan' (Colloquium: Denkmalkultur. Attitues to Heritage, BTU Cottbus, 9-11 November)

2010

'Marking and making the Meroitic world' (13th
Congress 
of
 the
 Panafrican 
Archaeological
 Association

 for 
Prehistory 
and 
Related
 Studies
­
 & 
20th 
Meeting 
of 
the 
Society 
of 
Africanist 
Archaeologists, University of Dakar, 1-7 November)

2010

'European archaeology abroad: a case study from Sudan' (16th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Den Haag, 30 August-4 September)

2010

(with Claudia Näser) 'The Merowe Dam Archaeological Salvage Project at the Fourth Nile Cataract in Northern Sudan' (Workshop: Archaeotopia: the Archaeological Site as Focus, Expression and Motor of Collective Identities, TOPOI, Berlin, 4-5 June)

2009

(with Claudia Näser) 'Der Baukomplex von Musawwarat es Sufra, Sudan. 3D-Scanning und Modelle'. (Conference: Digitale Dokumentationsmethoden in TOPOI, TOPOI, Berlin, 13 November)

2009
 

(with Thomas Bauer and Mark Praus) 'Moderne Verfahren zur Untersuchung der Sekundärbilder der Großen Anlage von Musawwarat es Sufra' (Tagung der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin e.V. (SAG), Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 6 June)

2008
 

‘Enigmatic markings? A diachronic perspective on multi-sensory engagements with rock surfaces in sub-Saharan West Africa’ (19th Meeting of the Society of Africanist Archaeologists, Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe University Frankfurt/Main, 8-11 September)

2008
 

(with Claudia Näser) ‘The good, the bad and the ugly: a case study on political, ethical and scientific dimensions of salvage archaeology from northern Sudan’ (Society of Africanist Archaeologists Biennial Meeting, Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe University Frankfurt/Main, 8-11 September)

2008
 

‘Transitions: Rock art of the Meroitic and post-Meroitic Periods at the Fourth Cataract’ (11th International Conference for Meroitic Studies, University of Vienna, 1-4 September)

2008
 

‘Imagining the Meroitic world: new work on the pictorial graffiti of Musawwarat es Sufra’ (11th International Conference for Meroitic Studies, University of Vienna Wien, 1-4 September)

2008
 

‘Rock art rescue: approaches to the documentation and public presentation of the vanishing rock art of the Nubian Nile valley’ (6th World Archaeological Congress, University College Dublin, 29 June-4 July)

2008
 

‘The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: political and ethical dimensions of rescue archaeology on the Middle Nile’ (6th World Archaeological Congress, University College Dublin, 29 June - 4 July)

2008
 

'Neue Arbeiten zu den Sekundärbildern der Grossen Anlage von Musawwarat es Sufra' (Tagung der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin e.V. (SAG), Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 31 May)

2007

'Rock art of the Fourth Nile Cataract: symbolic universes imprinted in stone' (Prehistory of Northeastern Africa - New Ideas and Discoveries, Poznan, 2-5 July)

2007

'Rock art on Us Island : a window into past life-worlds in the Fourth Cataract Region' (4e Conference Internationale sur L'Archeologie de la 4e Cataracte du Nil, University of Lille, 22-23 June)

2007

'Felskunst im Fluss: die Bilderwelt der Insel Us' (Tagung der Sudanarchäologischen Gesellschaft (SAG), Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 16 June)

2007

'The SARS Fourth Cataract Rock Art Project' (Research Day of the Sudan Archaeological Research Society, The British Museum, London, 15 May)

2006

'Rock art of the Nile valley: visual and acoustic aspects of Fourth Nile Cataract landscapes' (Lecture at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London, 26 October)

2006

'Rock art of the Nile valley: visual and acoustic aspects of Fourth Nile Cataract landscapes' (Lecture at the University Leiden, Netherlands, 19 October)

2006

'Soundscapes of the Nile valley: 'rock music' in the Fourth Cataract region (Sudan)' (5. Symposium of the International Study Group on Music Archaeology, German Archaeological Institute, Berlin, 19-23 September)

2006

'Acoustic elements of the rock art landscape in the SARS concession above the Fourth Nile Cataract: Three seasons of research' (11th International Conference of Nubian Studies, University of Warsaw, 27 August-2 September)

2006

(with Dr. Pawel Wolf): 'Rock art versus Graffiti - a comparative approach to Nubian graphic expressions' (11th International Conference of Nubian Studies, University of Warsaw, 27 August-2 September)

2006

'Rock art above the Fourth Nile Cataract: some reflections after three seasons of research' (3d Conference on the Archaeology of the Fourth Nile Cataract, Africa Department, University of Cologne, 14-16 July)

2006

'Zeichen der Zeit - die Felsbilder des Vierten Nilkatarakts in vergleichender Perspektive' (Lecture at the Seminar für Archäologie und Kulturgeschichte Nordostafrikas der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 10 July).

2006

'Tracing the use of the past in the past' (South African Conference on Rock Art, Kimberley, Südafrika, 12-17 February)

2005

'Rock art landscapes of the Fourth Nile Cataract: characterisations and first comparisons' (2nd Conference on the Archaeology of the Fourth Nile Cataract, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 4-6 August)

2005

'And thank you very much? Accessing archaeological and ethnographic collections of African origin in the age of the WWW' (12th Congress of the Panafrican Archaeological Association, University of Botswana, Gaborone, 3-10 July)

2005

'Rock art and 'rock music' of the Fourth Nile Cataract region: The Merowe Dam Archaeological Salvage Project' (12th Congress of the Panafrican Archaeological Association, University of Botswana, Gaborone, 3-10 July)

2005

'Felskunst an Vierten Nilkatarakt: Visuelle und akustische Aspekte einer bedrohten Kulturlandschaft' (Lecture at the University of Cologne, Colloquium Africanum lecture series, 3 May)

2005

'Rock art landscapes of the Fourth Nile Cataract' (British Rock Art Group Conference, University of Bristol, 23-24 April)

2004

'Written in stone? The temporality of Dogon rock art traditions' (Kunst in Afrika? Research Seminar of the Nederlandse Vereniging voor Afrika Studies, Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde, Leiden, 26 November)

2004

'For whom the bell tolls: rock art and 'rock gongs' in the Merowe Dam reservoir area of the Fourth Nile Cataract (Sudan)' ('African rock art in the 21st century', Trust For African Rock Art, Nairobi, 1-4 November)

2004

'Dead or alive? Traditions of rock art making and use among the Dogon people of central Mali' ('African rock art in the 21st century', Trust For African Rock Art, Nairobi, 1-4 November)

2004

'More than meets the eye: visual and non-visual aspects of an Upper Nubian rock art landscape' (17th Meeting of the Society of Africanist Archaeologists, Bergen, Norway, 26-29 June)

2004

'The Ishashi island rock art survey' (Research Day of the Sudan Archaeological Research Society, The British Museum, London, 12 May)

2004

'Non-visual aspects of making and using rock art in the Forth Nile Cataract, Sudan' (British Rock Art Group Conference, University of Newcastle, 24-25 April)

2004

'Open Access policies for ethnographic collections' (Final ECHO Conference, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, 16 April)

2003

'Fanfannyégèné Donsoma I: a biographical approach to the study of rock art in sub-Saharan Mali' (Current Research in African Archaeology in Britain and Ireland II, Institute of Archaeology, University College London, 14 June)

2002

'Rock art and ethnography in sub-Saharan West Africa: pitfalls and possibilities', (Current Research in African Archaeology in Britain and Ireland I, St Hugh's College, Oxford, 20 April)

2001

'Pregnant women and cows' - new research on rock art in the Massif de Kita, south-west Mali, and its implications for the settlement history of sub-Saharan West Africa' (14. International Congress of the Pre- and Protohistorical Sciences (UISPP), Liege, 2-8 September)

2001

'Rock art in sub-Saharan Mali: the Boucle du Baoule and beyond' (11th Congress of the Panafrican Archaeological Association, Bamako, Mali, 7-12 February)

2000

'Rock art in sub-Saharan West Africa - recent research in the Upper Niger region of Mali' (4th AURA (Australian Rock Art Research Association) and IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations Congress, Alice Springs, Australia, 10-14 July)