Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences - Department of Archaeology





Digital learning grammars


Character sets

Egyptoligical transliterations

In Unicode

Unicode keyboards
Keyman keyboards (Windows, MacOS, Linux)


Windows, System-Tastatur-Layouts

Note: The keyboard layouts expand your system with an additional, language-specific keyboard layout (Windows: Ägyptologische Umschrift - Deutsch; MacOS: EGYDW-DE), which appears in the same place as other language-specific keyboard layouts such as English, Arabic, or Hebrew. Help and informotion on this topic: Windows Vista/7

  • Unicode-Tastaturlayout EGYDW-DE = Ägyptologische Umschrift - Deutsch (Daniel A. Werning, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE), angelehnt an die traditionelle Tastaturbelegung von Manuel de Codage / Transliteration und Umschrift_TTn, aktuell: v3.3, 2018, German keyboard
    [neu: v3.3: small Yod based on 'i' (not on 'ı'); v3.2: Klammern korrigiert; v3.1: Ain und Alif nicht mehr als Großbuchstaben-Kodierung, typographische spitze Klammern]


MacOS, Ukulele keyboard layouts
  • Unicode-Tastaturlayout BBAW-BTS (Eliese-Sophia Lincke assisted by Simon D. Schweitzer, CC-BY-SA), based on the keyboard layout of the TLA project (BBAW)
    • MacOS (German keyboard, v01.2, April 2020)
  • Unicode keyboard layouts EGYDW-DE (Daniel A. Werning, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE), inspired by traditional keyboard layout of the Manuel de Codage / Transliteration und Umschrift_TTn, latest version: v3.3, 2018, German keyboard only
    [new: v3.3: small Yod based on 'i' (not on 'ı'); v3.2: codepoints of brackets corrected; v3.1: Ain and Alif not capitals by default, pointing brackets]

(Outdated – not recommended:) Traditional fonts (not Unicode)


In Unicode

(Outdated – not recommended:) Traditional fonts (not Unicode)



Dictionaries for the (Ancient-)Egyptian Language (online resources)

  • Egyptian Dictionary of Berlin, from the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities - Ancient Egyptian Dictionary:
    • Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae (digital text corpus + older digital paper archive)
    • Digital paper archive
    • Online version of the print Dictionary of the Egyptian Language by Erman & Grapow
  • The Demotic Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago

Bibliotheken in Berlin und Bibliographien

Libraries in Berlin
KOBV: Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund Berlin-Brandenburg

Access to the catalogues of Berlin libraries:

  • Primus: search portal at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
  • Primo: Search portal at Freien Universität Berlin (Collection of the seminar for Egyptology)
  • OPAC StaBiKat: Staatbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz
  • OPAC SMB/SMPK: Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz (especially the Egyptian Museum and Papyrus Collection; acquisitions starting in 2003)
  • OPAC BBAW: Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften
  • ZDB-Katalog: Catalogue of periodical collections at German libraries

Tip: Set up a list of your resources in KOBV.

Digitalised literature

Literature databases




with HU campus license included registered students